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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1413\margr5013\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1413\margrsxn5013\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat1\ql\li0\fi1868\ri0\sb0\sa1872 \f1\fs20\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3465\margrsxn5082\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw1753\colsr1678\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 CANDRAGUPTA I}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb14\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 239}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1413\margrsxn5013\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri36\sb202\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 married the Licchavi princess, Kumaradevi, as is evident \expndtw3 from the epithet "Licchavidauhitrah," applied to \expndtw4 Samudragupta in inscriptions. The marriage is also \expndtw1 attested by some gold coins, which bear on the obverse \expndtw0 the standing figure of the king offering a ring or bracelet \expndtw-1 to his spouse with the legends Candra or Candragupta on the right and on the left Kumaradevi or Sri-KumaradevI; \expndtw3 and on the reverse we have the legend "Licchavayah," \expndtw-1 and the goddess (perhaps \i Smhavdhinf \i0 Durga) seated on a \expndtw-2 lion. Allan believes that these coins were of a rnedallic \expndtw-3 nature, struck by Samudragupta in commemoration of his parents,\super 1\nosupersub  but it is likely they may be issues of Candragupta I himself .\super 2\nosupersub  His alliance with the Licchavis, wiio suddenly \expndtw-1 emerge now into view after several centuries of oblivion, \expndtw4 was evidently a turning-point in the fortunes of the \expndtw-1 Guptas. Vincent Smith is of opinion that in consequence \expndtw2 of this union Candragupta I "succeeded to the power previously held by his wife's relatives" and that he ob\-\expndtw1 tained possession of Pataliputra.\super 8\nosupersub  The suggestion, how\-\expndtw2 ever, appears untenable, for according to I-tsing's testi\-\expndtw7 mony the territories of Maharaja Gupta must have \expndtw5 already comprised this city. It is no less doubtful if \expndtw0 Vais"ali, the Licchavi capital, came under Candragupta I \expndtw13 as a result of the marriage settlement. At any rate, \expndtw0 a well-known passage in the \i Purdnas \i0 proves that his \expndtw7 authority extended to South Bihar, Prayaga, Saketa, and the adjoining districts.\super 4}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li50\fi482\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 He ruled from A.D. 320 to \i circa \i0 335.\super 5\nosupersub  The reckon\-\expndtw3 ing which began from his accession, was carried on by}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li428\fi0\ri0\sb266\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 1\nosupersub  \i C.C.G.D., \i0 Inttod., p. xviii.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li443\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 z\nosupersub J.s4.S.B.,  \i0 Numismatic   Supplement  No.  XLVII,  Vol.  Ill}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li47\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 (i937)> pp. IQ5-\super 11\nosupersub -}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li446\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 8\nosupersub  JE.H.L, 4th ed., pp. 295-96.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li450\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex68\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs29 4\nosupersub  \i ef.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li468\fi0\ri0\sb259\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 5\nosupersub  If, however, the Nalanda plates \i (Ep. lnd.\sub t\nosupersub  \i0 xxv, pp. 50-53)}\par }